Why Does My Toddler Chew on Everything? Tips to Help Your Child

Toddler Chewing Habit

As a parent, you may have noticed that your toddler likes to chew on everything from toys to furniture. While this behavior can be concerning, it is a common occurrence in toddlers. In this section, we will dive into the reasons behind this chewing behavior and provide tips to help parents address it.

It’s important to understand that chewing is a normal part of a toddler’s developmental phase, and it can be caused by a range of factors, including sensory exploration, soothing, attention-seeking, and oral motor development. However, if left unaddressed, this behavior can also pose safety concerns, such as choking hazards and exposure to harmful substances.

But don’t worry, there are practical steps you can take to redirect your toddler’s chewing behavior onto appropriate alternatives, such as chew toys or teething rings. By creating a safe environment, communicating consistently with your child, and seeking professional help when necessary, you can help your toddler develop healthier chewing habits.

Normal Developmental Phase

Chewing is a normal part of a toddler’s developmental phase. Toddlers use their mouths to explore and learn about their environment from an early age. As they grow, they develop their oral motor skills, which includes learning how to chew and swallow food.

Teething can also have an impact on a toddler’s chewing behavior. The discomfort and pain associated with teething can make them want to chew on anything they can find to relieve the pressure.

It’s important for parents to understand that some chewing behavior is normal and expected during this stage of development.

Sensory Exploration

Chewing on everything is not always just a habit, it may also be a sign that your toddler is engaging in sensory exploration. Toddlers use their senses to explore and better understand the world around them, and chewing is a way for them to engage in oral sensory seeking.

Some toddlers may feel the need to chew on various objects to satisfy their sensory cravings. Chewing can provide tactile stimulation, which is why some toddlers prefer to chew on items with different textures, such as rubber, plastic, or cloth. It may also help them develop their sense of taste, as they explore different flavors through chewing.

Oral Sensory Seeking

Oral sensory seeking is a term used to describe behaviors where a child seeks out oral stimulation. Chewing is just one form of oral sensory seeking that toddlers may engage in. Other examples of oral sensory seeking behaviors include sucking on fingers, biting, and licking.

It’s important to note that although sensory exploration is a natural part of a toddler’s development, excessive chewing may also indicate an underlying issue such as sensory processing disorder. If you suspect this may be the case, it’s important to consult with a pediatrician or occupational therapist.

Sensory and Self-Soothing

In some cases, toddlers may chew on objects as a way of soothing themselves or providing stress relief. This behavior is often seen in challenging situations, such as when the child is experiencing anxiety or frustration.

Chewing on objects can also provide sensory stimulation. Many toddlers are oral sensory seekers, meaning they use their mouths to explore and engage with their surroundings. Chewing on objects can provide the desired sensory input and help the child regulate their emotions.

It’s important to note that while this behavior is common, it can be dangerous if not properly addressed. Chewing on small or hazardous objects can pose a choking risk, and exposure to certain substances can be toxic.

Soothing and Self-Soothing

“When a child is seeking oral stimulation as a way of self-soothing, it is important to offer them alternative, safe options, such as a chew toy or teething ring. This will help redirect their behavior onto more appropriate items.”

Parents can also help their child by identifying triggers that lead to the chewing behavior and addressing them. For example, if the child chews on objects when they are feeling stressed, parents can offer alternatives or engage the child in calming activities such as deep breathing or sensory play.

Attention and Stimulation

Toddlers are naturally curious and seek attention and stimulation in various ways. Chewing on objects can be one such way for them to engage with their environment. Some toddlers may even use excessive chewing as a means to seek attention from their caregivers.

It’s important for parents to be mindful of their child’s environment and provide opportunities for age-appropriate stimulation and activity. Boredom and understimulation can lead to increased chewing behavior, as toddlers look for ways to occupy themselves.

Seeking Attention and Stimulation

If you notice your toddler chewing on objects excessively, it may be a sign that they’re seeking attention or stimulation. In these cases, providing alternative opportunities for engagement, such as interactive playtime or reading books together, can help redirect their behavior. It’s essential to be consistent in your response and provide praise and positive reinforcement when your child engages in healthier behaviors.

However, if the excessive chewing persists despite attempts to redirect their behavior, it may be beneficial to seek the advice of a pediatrician or behavioral therapist.

Oral Motor Development

Chewing is an essential activity for a toddler’s oral motor development. By chewing on objects, they exercise and strengthen their jaw muscles, which improves their jaw strength and the chewing reflex. Furthermore, chewing helps them develop better coordination and control over their chewing and swallowing movements.

It is important to provide toddlers with safe and appropriate chew toys to aid in their oral motor development. Chew toys that are too hard or small can pose a choking hazard or damage their developing teeth. Soft, silicone teethers and teething rings are a good option, and they can be chilled to provide soothing relief during teething.

Safety Concerns

While it’s common for toddlers to chew on everything, it’s important to be aware of the safety concerns associated with this behavior. Here are some potential risks to keep in mind:

Choking hazardSmall objects or pieces that may break off from larger objects can pose a choking risk if swallowed.
Toxic substancesSome objects may contain harmful chemicals or substances that can be toxic if ingested.
Object safetyObjects may break or splinter, creating sharp edges that can harm your child.

To minimize the safety risks associated with chewing behavior:

  • Childproof your home to prevent access to hazardous items.
  • Remove any small objects or items that pose a choking hazard.
  • Monitor your child carefully when they are chewing on an object.
  • Use safe chew toys, such as teething rings or silicone teethers, rather than random objects.


Always supervise your child during playtime and ensure the objects they chew on are appropriate and safe.

Redirecting the Behavior

Redirecting your toddler’s chewing behavior onto more appropriate alternatives can be a challenge, but with consistency and patience, it can be achieved. Here are some helpful tips:

  1. Provide alternative chew toys: Offer your child a variety of safe and appropriate chew toys, such as teething rings or silicone teethers. This can help satisfy their need to chew and explore.
  2. Model appropriate behavior: Children often learn by observing their parents or caregivers. Model appropriate behavior by not chewing on non-food items yourself.
  3. Establish boundaries: Help your child understand which objects are safe to chew on and which are not. Be consistent in redirecting them to appropriate chew toys when they attempt to chew on non-food items.
  4. Offer positive reinforcement: Praise and encourage your child when they use appropriate chew toys. Use positive reinforcement to help reinforce the behavior you want to see.
  5. Supervise your child: Keep a close eye on your child and be ready to redirect their chewing behavior when necessary. This can help prevent them from accidentally swallowing or choking on non-food items.

Alternative Chew Toys

When it comes to choosing alternative chew toys, it is important to select items that are safe and appropriate for your child’s age and needs. Here are some popular options:

Chew ToyDescription
Teething RingsSoft, rubber rings designed to be chilled in the refrigerator or freezer to provide soothing relief for teething toddlers.
ChewelryJewelry specifically designed for chewing, made from non-toxic materials and designed to be stylish and functional for both kids and adults.
Silicone TeethersSoft, flexible teethers made from food-grade silicone that are easy for toddlers to hold and chew on.
Sensory Chew ToysChew toys with various textures and shapes that provide sensory stimulation and can be used for therapeutic purposes.

Remember to always supervise your child while they are using chew toys and replace them when they show signs of wear and tear.

Creating a Safe Environment

When it comes to addressing toddler chewing behavior, creating a safe environment should be a top priority. Childproofing your surroundings is an essential step in protecting your child from potential hazards.

Begin by removing hazardous items that may be tempting for your child to chew on. This includes small objects such as coins, buttons, and beads, as well as toxic substances such as cleaning products and medications.

It’s also important to secure any loose cords or wires that may be within your child’s reach, as well as covering electrical outlets. Be sure to keep an eye on your child during playtime to ensure they are not accessing objects they shouldn’t be chewing on.

By creating a safe environment, you can reduce the risk of your child experiencing any harm or injury while satisfying their natural chewing instincts with appropriate chew toys and teethers.

Consistency and Communication

Addressing your toddler’s chewing behavior can be a challenging process, but consistency in your response is key. It’s important to establish clear boundaries and rules, and consistently reinforce them with positive reinforcement or appropriate consequences.

Open communication with your child is also crucial. Explain to them why certain objects can’t be chewed on and redirect their attention to alternative chew toys. Listening to your child’s needs and emotions can also help in understanding the root of the behavior.

Consistency in Response

When your child chews on inappropriate objects, respond with a consistent and clear message. Use simple language and explain why the behavior is not acceptable. Try to redirect their attention to appropriate chew toys or other activities to help them understand what is appropriate. By consistently following through with these messages, your child will begin to understand the rules.

Effective Communication

Encouraging open communication with your child can help them understand why certain objects can’t be chewed on. Try to engage them in conversation and listen to their needs and feelings. By being understanding and empathetic, you can create a safe and supportive environment for your child to express themselves. This can also help in identifying any underlying emotional needs or issues that may be driving the behavior.

Remember, addressing your toddler’s chewing behavior takes patience and understanding. By consistently reinforcing rules, communicating effectively, and providing appropriate chew toys, your child will develop healthy habits and behaviors.

Seeking Professional Help

While most chewing behavior in toddlers is completely normal, there may be cases where seeking professional help is necessary. If your child’s chewing behavior persists despite your best efforts to redirect it, or if you have concerns about the safety or health implications of your child’s chewing habits, it may be time to consult with a behavioral therapist or pediatrician.

These professionals can help you assess whether there may be underlying sensory issues or other developmental concerns that need to be addressed. They can also offer guidance on how to create a more supportive environment for your child, as well as provide recommendations for oral sensory integration therapy or other interventions that may be helpful.

Remember, seeking professional help is nothing to be ashamed of and can often be a crucial step in helping your child thrive and develop to their full potential. If you have any concerns about your child’s chewing behavior, don’t hesitate to reach out for support.

Setting Realistic Expectations

As a parent, it is important to understand that addressing your toddler’s chewing behavior may take time and patience. It is essential to set realistic expectations and avoid expecting immediate results. Remember, your child’s behavior is a natural part of their developmental phase, and it may take some time to redirect their habits towards more appropriate alternatives.

It is also crucial to be consistent in your response to your child’s chewing behavior. Ensure that all caregivers are aware of the plan to redirect behavior, and work together to maintain a consistent approach. Open communication with your child is also helpful in helping them understand the boundaries and expectations around chewing behavior.

“As a parent, it is important to understand that addressing your toddler’s chewing behavior may take time and patience.”

Additionally, it’s important to be understanding of your child’s needs and not to punish them for their chewing behavior. Instead, focus on redirecting the behavior and providing positive reinforcement for healthier chewing habits. Encourage and praise good behavior, and be patient with your child as they learn to adopt new habits.

Positive Reinforcement and Encouragement

When it comes to changing your toddler’s chewing behavior, positive reinforcement and encouragement can be highly effective. This means praising and rewarding your child for good behavior and making them feel loved and appreciated for their efforts. This can help boost their confidence and encourage them to continue developing healthy habits.

Some ways to provide positive reinforcement and encouragement include:

  • Verbal praise: Telling your child that they’re doing a great job when they chew on appropriate objects.
  • Rewards: Offering small, non-food rewards like stickers or a special activity when your child exhibits good chewing behavior.
  • Physical affection: Giving your child hugs, cuddles, or high fives when they chew on appropriate objects.

Remember to be consistent and patient with your child as they adjust to new behaviors. Positive reinforcement and encouragement work best when they’re used consistently over time.

Providing Appropriate Chew Toys

A great way to redirect your toddler’s chewing behavior is by providing them with appropriate chew toys. This will not only keep them safe from hazardous objects but also help satisfy their chewing needs.

It’s important to choose chew toys that are safe, durable, and appropriate for your child’s age and developmental stage. Here are some recommendations:

Chew Toy TypeFeatures
Teething RingsDesigned to be chewed on, safe for babies, and can be chilled for added soothing relief during teething.
Silicone TeethersBPA-free, easy to hold, and textured to massage gums and provide relief during teething.
ChewelryDesigned to be worn as a necklace or bracelet, made of safe materials, and appropriate for older toddlers who are still chewing.

Make sure to supervise your child while they use chew toys and replace them if they show signs of wear and tear or if your child has outgrown them.

Remember that every child is different, and what works for one may not work for another. It may take some trial and error to find the right chew toy for your toddler.

Addressing Underlying Sensory Issues

In some cases, excessive chewing behavior in toddlers can be linked to underlying sensory issues. Sensory processing disorder (SPD) affects how the nervous system receives and processes sensory information, including touch, taste, and smell. Children with SPD may seek or avoid certain sensory experiences, leading to atypical behaviors such as excessive chewing.

If you suspect that your child may have SPD, it’s important to seek the help of a professional. An occupational therapist trained in oral sensory integration therapy can work with your child to provide tailored exercises to improve their sensory processing abilities. These exercises can include chewing on certain textures or foods, as well as activities that develop oral motor skills.

It’s important to note that not all children who chew excessively have SPD, and not all children with SPD exhibit excessive chewing behavior. However, if you notice that your child’s chewing behavior is persistent and disruptive, it’s worth exploring the possibility of underlying sensory issues and seeking professional intervention as necessary.

FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Is it normal for my toddler to chew on everything?

A: Yes, chewing is a normal part of a toddler’s developmental phase which can include teething, oral sensory seeking, self-soothing, attention seeking, or oral motor development.

Q: When should I be concerned about my toddler’s chewing behavior?

A: If your child’s chewing behavior is excessive or persistent, or if it poses a safety risk, it may be worth consulting with a behavioral therapist or pediatrician.

Q: Are there any safety concerns I should be aware of?

A: Yes, there is a risk of choking or exposure to toxic substances if your child chews on hazardous objects. It is important to create a safe environment for your toddler by childproofing the surroundings and removing hazardous items they may be tempted to chew.

Q: What are some safe alternatives to objects my toddler may be tempted to chew on?

A: Safe alternatives include chew toys, teething rings, or silicone teethers. Ensure these toys are free from choking hazards and have no toxic substances.

Q: How can I redirect my toddler’s chewing behavior?

A: You can redirect their behavior by providing appropriate chew toys or teething rings, praising good behavior, and using positive reinforcement and encouragement. It is important to communicate with your child and set realistic expectations.

Q: What if my toddler has underlying sensory issues?

A: It is possible that underlying sensory issues may be contributing to their chewing behavior. In this case, oral sensory integration therapy may be an effective intervention.

Q: What if my toddler’s chewing behavior is causing damage to their teeth?

A: If your toddler’s chewing behavior is causing dental damage, it is important to consult with a pediatric dentist for advice and possible intervention.

Q: How can I help my toddler through teething?

A: Symptoms of teething can include chewing, drooling, irritability, and discomfort. You can help your toddler by providing safe chew toys and teething rings, gently massaging their gums, or administering over-the-counter pain relievers as recommended by their pediatrician.

Q: How can I address my toddler’s chewing behavior during mealtime?

A: You can address their behavior during mealtime by providing them with appropriate food textures to chew on, such as soft cooked vegetables or fruits, and discouraging them from chewing on non-food items. Remain patient and consistent in your response.

Q: How can I prevent my toddler from chewing on their clothes?

A: You can prevent your toddler from chewing on their clothes by providing safe chew toys or teething rings, and praising good behavior. You may also want to consider dressing them in clothing made from more durable materials.

Q: What is the best way to keep my toddler safe while satisfying their chewing needs?

A: The best way to keep your toddler safe while satisfying their chewing needs is to create a safe environment, provide safe chew toys or teething rings, remain patient and consistent in your response, and seek professional help if necessary.

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