What to Do if Babies Have COVID: Guidance & Recommendations

what to do if babies have covid

COVID-19 has impacted people of all ages, including babies. As a parent or caregiver, it’s essential to understand the impact of COVID-19 on your little one and take necessary precautions to ensure their safety and well-being. This article provides comprehensive guidance and recommendations on what to do if your baby is diagnosed with COVID-19.

Key Takeaways

  • COVID-19 can impact babies, and it’s essential to understand the typical symptoms and managing the virus in this vulnerable age group.
  • If you suspect your baby has COVID-19, seek medical advice promptly and take necessary precautions to prevent further transmission.
  • Caring for a baby with COVID-19 at home requires additional precautions, including hygiene practices, monitoring symptoms, and seeking medical assistance when needed.
  • It’s essential to take measures to prevent the transmission of COVID-19 to other family members and caregivers, especially when there is a baby in the household.
  • Regular monitoring of your baby’s symptoms is crucial for early detection and intervention.

Understanding COVID-19 in Babies

If you suspect your baby may have COVID-19, it’s crucial to understand its impact on infants. While it’s true that most babies with COVID-19 recover well, they can become critically ill, requiring hospitalization in some cases.

Managing COVID-19 in infants can be challenging, as babies may not display typical symptoms of the virus. However, some common symptoms to look out for include:

  • Coughing
  • Fever
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Lethargy or irritability
  • Loss of appetite

It’s essential to observe your baby closely, particularly if they’ve come in contact with someone who has the virus, to ensure early detection and intervention.

If you suspect your baby has COVID-19, seek medical advice immediately. Call your healthcare provider or local health department to learn what precautions to take and how to get tested.

Seeking Medical Advice

If you suspect that your baby has contracted COVID-19, it is crucial to seek medical advice promptly. The first step is to contact your healthcare provider or pediatrician, who can offer guidance on the necessary precautions to take and provide information on possible treatment options.

It is recommended that you inform your healthcare provider of your baby’s symptoms and any potential exposure to the virus. This information can aid in the proper diagnosis and treatment of your baby’s condition.

When seeking medical advice, it is important to follow the precautions recommended by healthcare professionals to prevent further transmission of the virus. These may include wearing masks, practicing proper hygiene, and avoiding close contact with others.

If your baby’s symptoms are severe, such as difficulty breathing or persistent fever, seek emergency medical attention immediately. In some cases, hospitalization may be necessary for further treatment and monitoring.

It is essential to stay informed and up-to-date on the latest guidelines and recommendations from healthcare professionals regarding the treatment of COVID-19 in infants. By taking the necessary precautions and seeking medical advice promptly, you can help ensure the best possible outcome for your baby.

Caring for a Baby with COVID-19 at Home

Caring for a baby with COVID-19 can be challenging, but taking necessary precautions can help ensure a safe and comfortable environment for your little one.

If your baby is diagnosed with COVID-19, follow these infant COVID-19 safety measures:

Hygiene practicesOther precautions
  • Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds before and after contact with your baby.
  • Use hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces.
  • Wear a mask when caring for your baby.
  • Avoid sharing personal items with your baby, such as towels or utensils.
  • Keep your baby isolated from others who are not ill.
  • If possible, have someone who is not at high risk for severe illness care for your baby.
  • Monitor your baby’s symptoms closely and seek medical assistance if necessary.
  • Do not delay seeking medical care if your baby experiences emergency warning signs, such as trouble breathing or persistent chest pain.

It’s crucial to take all necessary precautions to prevent further transmission of COVID-19 in your household. Follow proper hygiene practices, isolate your baby from others, and monitor symptoms closely. With proper care and attention, your baby can recover from COVID-19 and resume their normal activities.

Preventing Transmission to Babies

When your baby is diagnosed with COVID-19, it’s important to take measures to prevent transmission to other family members and caregivers. The virus can spread quickly, and infants are particularly vulnerable to its effects. Here are some strategies for reducing the risk of transmission:

  • Isolate your baby in a separate room, if possible, and limit contact with other family members.
  • Wear a mask when caring for your baby, particularly when feeding or changing them.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or use alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Do not share personal items, such as towels, bedding, or dishes with your baby.
  • Clean and disinfect surfaces and toys regularly.

Supporting babies with COVID-19 can be challenging, but taking these precautions can help reduce the spread of the virus and ensure the safety of your little one.

Isolation and Quarantine Measures

If your baby has been diagnosed with COVID-19, it’s crucial to take measures to prevent further transmission to other family members and caregivers. This not only protects those around your baby but also reduces the risk of reinfection for your little one.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that babies with COVID-19 be isolated at home. This involves keeping your baby away from other family members and pets, ideally in a separate room or area that is well-ventilated.

Isolation Guidelines for Babies with COVID-19:
Use a separate bedroom and bathroom, if possible
Designate a specific area of your home for your baby. Use a separate bedroom and bathroom, if possible. If your baby shares a room with another family member, ensure that your baby’s sleeping area is at least six feet away from the bed of others.
Avoid contact with others
Limit the number of people who come into contact with your baby. Only those who are essential for your baby’s care should be allowed in the designated area. They should wear personal protective equipment (PPE) such as masks and gloves and maintain a distance of six feet from your baby.
Practice good hand hygiene
Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Use hand sanitizer when soap and water are not available. Avoid touching your face, especially your nose, mouth, and eyes. Remember to wash your hands before and after interacting with your baby or their belongings.
Clean and disinfect surfaces
Use EPA-approved disinfectants to clean surfaces that your baby comes in contact with regularly, such as toys, utensils, and furniture. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for proper use and disposal. Wear gloves when handling potentially contaminated items, and wash your hands after removing the gloves.
Monitor symptoms
Regularly monitor your baby’s symptoms, such as fever, cough, and difficulty breathing. Keep a record of your baby’s temperature and share this information with your healthcare provider. Seek medical attention if your baby’s symptoms worsen or if they develop new symptoms.
Seek medical advice
Consult with your healthcare provider regularly to ensure that you are providing the best possible care for your baby. They can provide guidance on appropriate treatment, self-isolation, and when it’s safe to resume normal activities.

By following these isolation guidelines and taking necessary precautions, you can help minimize the spread of COVID-19 and ensure the safety of your baby and those around them.

Supporting Your Baby’s Well-being

When your baby is diagnosed with COVID-19, it’s important to take measures to support their emotional and physical well-being. Managing COVID-19 in babies can be challenging, but there are steps you can take to ensure they feel safe and comfortable.

Creating a Calm Environment

As a parent or caregiver, your presence can have a significant impact on your baby’s well-being. Try to remain calm and reassuring when interacting with them, and maintain a positive and loving environment. Avoid exposing your baby to stressful situations, such as arguments or raised voices, as this may increase their anxiety.

Providing Comfort and Care

Babies with COVID-19 may experience fever, cough, and respiratory symptoms, which can cause discomfort and distress. It’s essential to provide them with proper care and treatment, including medication, if recommended by your healthcare provider. Additionally, you can offer comfort through gentle rocking, skin-to-skin contact, and soothing activities, such as singing or reading aloud.

Ensuring Adequate Nutrition and Hydration

Proper nutrition and hydration are crucial for your baby’s recovery and overall health. Encourage your baby to drink breast milk or formula regularly, and offer frequent breastfeeding if you are nursing. If your baby is experiencing difficulty feeding or has decreased appetite, consult your healthcare provider for guidance.

Engaging in Safe Activities

While managing COVID-19 in babies may limit some activities, it’s important to engage in safe and age-appropriate play and stimulation. Spend time interacting with your baby through eye contact, gestures, and talking. You can also encourage sensory stimulation through toys and games, such as brightly colored objects or soft toys for tactile play.

Seeking Emotional Support

Caring for a baby with COVID-19 can be emotionally draining and overwhelming. It’s crucial to seek emotional support for yourself, whether through a trusted friend or family member, or through professional resources such as counseling or support groups. Remember, taking care of yourself is an important part of supporting your baby’s well-being.

Monitoring and Reporting Symptoms

Regular monitoring of your baby’s symptoms is essential for early detection and intervention. The symptoms of COVID-19 in babies can vary, but some of the most common include:

  • Coughing
  • Fever
  • Nasal congestion
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Lethargy or decreased activity
  • Poor feeding or refusing to eat

If your baby exhibits any of these symptoms, it’s important to contact your healthcare provider promptly. Follow the COVID-19 guidelines for babies and monitor your little one’s symptoms closely, noting any changes or new symptoms that may arise.

When monitoring your baby’s symptoms, keep a record of the following:

  1. The time and date of each symptom
  2. The severity of the symptom
  3. Any other factors that may be related to the symptom, such as feeding or sleeping patterns

Report any changes or concerns regarding your baby’s symptoms to your healthcare provider immediately. Early detection and intervention of COVID-19 symptoms may reduce the severity of the illness and prevent complications.

Hygiene Practices for Babies

Infants require attentive attention to hygiene and sanitation measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Here are some essential COVID-19 guidelines for babies:

  • Wash your hands: It’s essential to wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds before handling your baby. Use a hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol if soap and water are not available.
  • Clean and disinfect: Clean and disinfect high-touch surfaces such as toys, doorknobs, and light switches frequently.
  • Wear a mask: If you’re in close contact with your baby, wear a mask to reduce the risk of transmission. Infants under two years of age should not wear masks.
  • Avoid sharing: Do not share utensils, cups, or other personal items with your baby.
  • Cover your mouth and nose: Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, and dispose of tissues immediately after use.

By following these hygiene guidelines, you can reduce the risk of transmission and ensure the safety of your baby.

Breastfeeding and COVID-19

Breastfeeding provides numerous benefits to both the baby and mother, including essential nutrients, antibodies, and emotional bonding. If your baby has COVID-19, you may worry about the risks of breastfeeding. However, the World Health Organization (WHO) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend continuing breastfeeding while taking precautions to prevent transmission of the virus.

Here are some guidelines for breastfeeding when your baby has COVID-19:

  1. Wash your hands or use hand sanitizer before touching your baby or breast pump.
  2. Wear a face mask while breastfeeding, and avoid coughing or sneezing on your baby.
  3. If possible, have a healthy caregiver feed your baby with expressed breast milk using a clean bottle and nipple until you recover.
  4. If you breastfeed directly, it’s vital to practice good hygiene, such as washing your breasts with soap and water before and after breastfeeding.
  5. If you feel too unwell to breastfeed, consider pumping and having a healthy caregiver provide the expressed breast milk to your baby.

According to WHO, there is currently no evidence that COVID-19 is transmitted through breast milk. In fact, breast milk may provide antibodies that can help protect babies from the virus. However, if you have any concerns or questions, it’s essential to consult with your healthcare provider.

Seeking Emotional Support

Managing COVID-19 in babies can be a stressful and overwhelming experience. It’s important to prioritize your mental health and seek emotional support when needed. Acknowledging your feelings and emotions, and expressing them to someone, can help relieve stress and anxiety.

You can reach out to family, friends, or mental health professionals for emotional support. Many healthcare providers offer telehealth services, which allow you to receive counseling or therapy remotely. Additionally, there are online support groups and forums where you can connect with others going through similar experiences.

Remember that seeking emotional support is not a sign of weakness but a necessary step in managing COVID-19 in babies. You don’t have to go through this alone.

Returning to Normalcy

After your baby recovers from COVID-19, it’s important to remember that precautions should still be taken to ensure your baby’s safety and prevent the spread of the virus.

Here are some tips to help ease the transition back to normalcy:

  1. Consult with your healthcare provider for guidance on when it is safe to resume regular activities.
  2. Consider gradually reintroducing your baby to social settings, such as playdates or daycare.
  3. Continue to practice good hygiene, such as regularly washing hands and cleaning surfaces.
  4. Be mindful of any new symptoms or changes in your baby’s health and seek medical advice as necessary.
  5. Stay up-to-date on the latest COVID-19 guidelines and recommendations for managing the virus in infants.

Remember that every baby is unique and may require different levels of care and support during the recovery process. By taking the necessary precautions and following healthcare provider recommendations, you can help your baby return to normalcy while keeping them safe and healthy.

Vaccination for Babies

As scientists continue to study the COVID-19 virus, vaccinations have emerged as a crucial tool for preventing the spread of the disease. Recently, vaccines for infants aged 6 months and older have been authorized for emergency use in the United States, following extensive clinical trials.

The COVID-19 vaccine for infants is administered in two doses, given 3-4 weeks apart. The vaccine has been shown to be highly effective in preventing severe illness, hospitalization, and death caused by COVID-19. It’s crucial to consult with your pediatrician to determine the appropriate timing and dosage for your baby’s vaccine, especially if there are underlying health conditions or concerns.

Like with any vaccination, there may be side effects, including fever, fatigue, headache, and soreness at the injection site. However, these side effects are generally mild and short-lived, compared to the potential risks of contracting COVID-19.

It’s essential to continue following COVID-19 safety measures, such as wearing masks, practicing social distancing, and maintaining good hygiene, even after your baby receives the vaccine. These precautions help prevent the spread of the virus and protect individuals who may not be eligible for vaccination.


Dealing with COVID-19 when your baby is affected can be a challenging experience. However, by understanding the impact of the virus on infants and following the recommended guidelines and precautions, you can ensure the utmost care and protection for your little one.

Remember, seeking prompt medical advice, monitoring symptoms, and maintaining proper hygiene practices are essential steps in managing COVID-19 in babies. Additionally, supporting your baby’s emotional and physical well-being and seeking emotional support for yourself are equally crucial.

Gradually reintroducing regular activities after your baby recovers from COVID-19 requires taking necessary precautions and being mindful of potential exposure risks. Finally, as COVID-19 vaccinations become available for infants, it’s important to stay informed and discuss vaccination options with your healthcare provider.

By following the guidelines and recommendations outlined in this article, you can successfully navigate COVID-19 when your baby is affected and ensure their optimal care and support.


What should I do if my baby is diagnosed with COVID-19?

If your baby is diagnosed with COVID-19, it’s important to follow the guidance of healthcare professionals. This may include isolating your baby from others, monitoring symptoms, providing comfort, staying hydrated, and seeking medical advice when needed.

What are the typical symptoms of COVID-19 in babies?

Common symptoms of COVID-19 in babies may include fever, cough, difficulty breathing, runny nose, sore throat, loss of appetite, fatigue, and irritability. However, it’s important to note that symptoms can vary among infants.

When should I seek medical advice if I suspect my baby has COVID-19?

If you suspect your baby has COVID-19 or if they are experiencing severe symptoms such as difficulty breathing, persistent fever, or dehydration, it’s important to seek medical advice immediately. Contact your healthcare provider for guidance on testing, treatment, and next steps.

How can I create a safe environment for my baby at home if they have COVID-19?

To create a safe environment for your baby with COVID-19 at home, it’s important to practice good hygiene, maintain clean and sanitized surfaces, ensure proper ventilation, limit contact with others, and follow healthcare provider’s instructions for monitoring symptoms and administering any prescribed treatments.

How can I prevent the transmission of COVID-19 to other family members and caregivers?

To reduce the risk of transmitting COVID-19 to others, it’s important to practice proper hand hygiene, wear a mask, maintain physical distance, sanitize frequently touched surfaces, and follow any additional guidance provided by healthcare professionals. Limiting close contact and implementing strict hygiene measures can help protect your loved ones.

What are the guidelines for isolating and quarantining a baby with COVID-19?

When isolating or quarantining a baby with COVID-19, it’s important to keep them in a separate room if possible, limit contact with others, wear personal protective equipment when caring for them, practice rigorous hygiene measures, and follow the guidance provided by healthcare professionals regarding the duration of isolation or quarantine.

How can I support my baby’s well-being while they have COVID-19?

Supporting your baby’s well-being during their illness involves providing comfort, maintaining their daily routines as much as possible, offering plenty of fluids, administering any prescribed treatments, and seeking emotional support for both yourself and your baby. Creating a calm and nurturing environment can help promote their recovery.

How should I monitor and report my baby’s symptoms?

Regularly monitor your baby’s symptoms, including their temperature, cough, breathing, appetite, and overall behavior. Keep a record of any changes or worsening symptoms and promptly report them to your healthcare provider. They can provide guidance on when to seek medical assistance or adjust the treatment plan.

What hygiene practices should I follow for my baby with COVID-19?

Hygiene practices for a baby with COVID-19 include frequent handwashing, cleaning and disinfecting toys and surfaces, using disposable tissues or elbow for coughing and sneezing, and wearing masks if recommended by healthcare professionals. These measures help minimize the risk of spreading the virus to others.

Can I breastfeed my baby if they have COVID-19?

In most cases, it is safe to continue breastfeeding your baby if they have COVID-19. The virus has not been found in breast milk, and the benefits of breastfeeding outweigh the potential risks. However, it is important to take precautions such as wearing a mask, practicing good hygiene, and consulting with healthcare providers for personalized guidance.

Where can I seek emotional support during this challenging time?

It’s important to seek emotional support for both parents and caregivers during your baby’s illness. Reach out to friends, family, or support groups who can provide understanding and guidance. Additionally, mental health professionals can offer resources and counseling services to help navigate the emotional challenges associated with caring for a sick baby.

How can I safely reintroduce regular activities after my baby recovers from COVID-19?

Gradually reintroduce regular activities for your baby after they have recovered from COVID-19. Follow any specific guidance provided by healthcare professionals, continue practicing good hygiene, and monitor for any lingering symptoms or new developments. Stay updated on local guidelines and recommendations to ensure a smooth transition back to normalcy.

Are COVID-19 vaccinations available for babies?

COVID-19 vaccinations for babies are currently under development and testing. Consult with your healthcare provider to stay informed about the latest updates and recommendations regarding COVID-19 vaccinations for infants. They can provide guidance on the benefits, potential side effects, and appropriate timing for vaccination.

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