How Long is the Newborn Stage? A Closer Look at Baby Milestones

how long is the newborn stage

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on the newborn stage – an exciting and challenging time for new parents. As you prepare for the arrival of your little one, it’s important to understand the duration and milestones of the newborn stage.

In this section, we’ll answer the question on every new parent’s mind – how long is the newborn stage? We’ll also discuss the importance of understanding baby milestones during this period, so you can be prepared for your baby’s growth and development.

Defining the Newborn Stage

The newborn stage is the first stage of infancy, beginning at birth and lasting approximately 4 to 6 weeks. During this time, newborns are adjusting to life outside of the womb and are rapidly developing physically, cognitively, and socially.

While the exact timeline of the newborn stage may vary for each baby, it is generally considered to be the time when a baby is still wholly dependent on their caregiver for all of their needs.

During the newborn stage, parents should be prepared for frequent feedings, diaper changes, and sleepless nights. Understanding the milestones and characteristics of newborns can help parents navigate this period with confidence.

Understanding Baby Milestones

The newborn stage is a time of rapid development for your baby. During this stage, it is important for parents to be aware of their baby’s milestones. These milestones can be physical, cognitive, or social and can vary from baby to baby.

Physical Milestones: In the first few months of life, your baby will develop a variety of physical abilities. They will start to lift their head when lying on their stomach, grasp objects, and eventually begin to roll over. By the end of the newborn stage, most babies will be able to sit up with support.

Cognitive Milestones: Your baby’s cognitive development during the newborn stage is focused on learning about the world around them. They will begin to recognize familiar faces and voices, track objects with their eyes, and respond to sounds. By the end of the newborn stage, your baby may start to show signs of object permanence, understanding that objects still exist even when they can’t see them.

Social Milestones: Babies are social creatures from birth and will begin to show social cues during the newborn stage. They will smile in response to your smile, reach out for objects or people they are interested in, and even begin to imitate facial expressions. By the end of the newborn stage, your baby may start to show signs of separation anxiety, becoming upset when you leave their sight.

Tracking Baby Milestones

It can be helpful for parents to keep track of their baby’s milestones during the newborn stage. This can be done through regular check-ups with your pediatrician and by monitoring your baby’s development at home. There are many resources available online to help you track your baby’s milestones and determine if they are meeting typical developmental timelines.

It is important to remember that every baby develops at their own pace and milestones should be used as a general guide rather than a strict timeline. If you have concerns about your baby’s development, be sure to speak with your pediatrician.

Sleep Patterns in the Newborn Stage

During the newborn stage, sleep patterns can be unpredictable and challenging for parents. Newborns require roughly 16 to 17 hours of sleep per day, but it may not always be in a consolidated block of time. Newborns typically sleep for 2 to 4 hours at a time and wake up regularly for feedings, diaper changes, and comfort.

Newborn sleep also has a different cycle than adults. They spend more time in rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, which is the stage of sleep where dreaming occurs. This may cause them to move, twitch, and make noises in their sleep. It is important for parents to understand that this is normal and not a cause for concern.

Sleep Tips for Parents

Here are some tips for parents to help their newborn sleep better:

  • Establish a consistent sleep routine, such as a calming bedtime routine.
  • Create a sleep-conducive environment by keeping the room dark, cool, and quiet.
  • Place your newborn on their back to sleep to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
  • Offer comfort when needed, such as shushing or patting, to help your newborn fall back asleep.

It is also important for parents to take care of themselves during this stage to manage sleep deprivation and promote healthy sleep habits for their newborn. This includes prioritizing rest, asking for help when needed, and establishing a support system.

Feeding in the Newborn Stage

Feeding your newborn is one of the most important tasks as a new parent. Whether you choose to breastfeed or use formula, it’s important to establish a healthy feeding routine.


For mothers who choose to breastfeed, it’s important to start as soon as possible after birth. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of a baby’s life, followed by continued breastfeeding with the addition of solid foods until at least 12 months of age.

During the newborn stage, it’s important to feed your baby on demand, as their small stomachs can only hold a small amount at a time. Newborns typically feed every 2-3 hours, but some may require more frequent feedings.

It’s important to establish a good latch and position for breastfeeding. This can help prevent nipple soreness and ensure proper milk transfer. If you experience any pain or difficulty breastfeeding, don’t hesitate to seek the help of a lactation consultant.

Formula Feeding

If you choose to formula feed your newborn, it’s important to select a formula that is appropriate for their age and needs. Formula can be given on demand, or every 2-3 hours if your baby is not showing signs of hunger.

Before preparing formula, it’s important to wash your hands and sterilize bottles and nipples. Follow the instructions on the formula container for proper mixing and storage. Formula should always be heated to body temperature before feeding.

Whether you choose to breastfeed or formula feed, it’s important to pay attention to your baby’s hunger cues and feed them on demand. This helps ensure that they are getting the nutrition they need for healthy growth and development.

Diapering in the Newborn Stage

Diapering a newborn can be a daunting task for new parents. It’s important to be prepared and have the necessary supplies on hand.

When changing your newborn’s diaper, it’s important to do it frequently to help prevent diaper rash. A good rule of thumb for the first few weeks is to change your newborn’s diaper every two to three hours, and immediately after every bowel movement.

It’s also important to use a diaper that fits properly to prevent leaks. Make sure the diaper is snug, but not too tight. You should be able to fit a finger between the diaper and your baby’s skin.

If your newborn does develop diaper rash, try using a diaper cream to soothe their skin. You can also let your baby go without a diaper for short periods of time to allow their skin to breathe.

Bonding with Your Newborn

Bonding with your newborn is crucial for both you and your baby. It helps establish a strong emotional connection and creates a foundation of trust that will benefit your child throughout their life. Skin-to-skin contact is one of the most effective ways to bond with your newborn, as it stimulates the release of oxytocin, a hormone that promotes feelings of love and attachment.

Here are some tips for bonding with your newborn:

  • Hold your baby close and make eye contact as much as possible.
  • Talk to your baby in a soothing voice to help them feel secure.
  • Cuddle your baby frequently and try different holding positions to see what they prefer.
  • Sing or read to your baby to help them feel comforted and reassured.
  • Take advantage of skin-to-skin contact by holding your baby against your bare chest.

Remember that bonding with your baby is a process, and it may take time to establish a strong connection. Be patient and keep trying different methods until you find what works best for you and your baby.

Understanding Newborn Crying

Newborns cry a lot, and it can be overwhelming for new parents. However, it’s important to understand that crying is a normal part of a baby’s development. Crying is the primary way that newborns communicate their needs and wants.

Why do Newborns Cry?

Newborns cry for a variety of reasons, including hunger, discomfort, and the need for a diaper change. They may also cry when they are tired or overstimulated. Sometimes, it can be difficult to determine the cause of a baby’s crying, but as parents become more familiar with their baby’s cues, they can usually identify the reason for the crying.

How Much Crying is Normal?

Newborns can cry for several hours a day, and this can be distressing for parents. However, it’s important to understand that this is completely normal. In fact, some babies cry even more than this. Crying usually peaks at around 6 weeks of age and begins to decrease after that.

Tips for Soothing a Crying Newborn

There are several things that parents can do to soothe a crying newborn. First, they should check for any obvious signs of discomfort, such as hunger or a dirty diaper. If the baby is not hungry or in need of a diaper change, parents can try holding and comforting the baby, offering a pacifier, or swaddling the baby in a blanket.

It’s also important for parents to take care of themselves during this time. Sleep deprivation and stress can make it difficult to cope with a crying baby. If parents are feeling overwhelmed, they should ask for help from friends, family, or a healthcare professional.

Tummy Time and Motor Development

Tummy time is an essential part of motor development for newborns. When a baby is placed on their tummy, they are forced to use their neck muscles to lift their head and look around. This exercise helps to strengthen their neck and back muscles, which are crucial for supporting their head and upper body.

Experts recommend that newborns have tummy time for a few minutes each day, gradually increasing the amount of time as they grow older. By 3 months old, babies should be having tummy time for about an hour a day, spread out in short intervals throughout the day.

Tummy time also helps babies develop the muscles they need for crawling and rolling over. In addition to improving their motor skills, tummy time can also help prevent flat spots from forming on the back of their heads, which can occur if a baby spends too much time lying on their back.

Tips for Tummy Time

– Start with short sessions, just a few minutes at a time, and gradually increase the time as your baby gets used to it.

– Make sure your baby is awake and alert during tummy time, and always supervise them.

– Use a firm, flat surface, such as a play mat or blanket on the floor.

– Get down on the floor with your baby so you can interact with them and make the experience more enjoyable for both of you.

– Use toys and other objects to encourage your baby to reach and grab during tummy time.

Bathing Your Newborn

Bathing your newborn can be a daunting task, but with a few basic tips, you can ensure a safe and effective bath time for your little one. Here are some important things to keep in mind:

When to Start Bathing Your Newborn

It is recommended to wait until your baby’s umbilical cord stump falls off before giving them a full bath. In the meantime, you can give your baby a sponge bath or wash their face, neck, hands, and diaper area with a damp cloth.

How Often to Bathe Your Newborn

A newborn doesn’t need daily bathing as they do not get very dirty. 2-3 times a week is enough, but you can clean their diaper area and face daily to keep them clean and fresh.

Setting the Scene

Make sure the room is warm and free from drafts. The water should be comfortably warm at around 100°F. Gather all the supplies you’ll need, including a mild baby soap, soft washcloth, and hooded towel.

Bath Time Steps

Step 1Undress your baby and wrap them in a towel to keep them cozy.
Step 2Gently clean your baby’s face with a damp cloth, being careful around their eyes and nose.
Step 3Wash your baby’s hair using a mild baby shampoo, then rinse well.
Step 4Use a soft washcloth and baby soap to clean the rest of your baby’s body, being sure to clean all folds and creases.
Step 5Rinse your baby with warm water, then wrap them in a hooded towel and gently pat them dry.
Step 6Put a fresh diaper on your baby and dress them in clean clothes.

Preventing Accidents

Never leave your baby unattended in the bath, even for a moment. Keep one hand on your baby at all times and make sure everything you need is within reach so you don’t have to leave your baby to grab something.

By following these tips, you can help ensure a safe and enjoyable bath time for you and your newborn.

Taking Care of Yourself as a New Parent

The newborn stage can be an overwhelming and exhausting time for new parents. It’s important to prioritize self-care to ensure you have the physical and emotional energy to care for your little one. Here are some tips:

Make Time for Yourself

As a new parent, it can be easy to put your own needs on the backburner. However, it’s important to carve out time for yourself. Whether it’s a relaxing bath, a hobby you enjoy, or simply a few minutes of quiet time, make sure to prioritize self-care.

Get Enough Sleep

Sleep is essential for your physical and emotional well-being. While it can be challenging with a newborn, try to prioritize getting as much rest as possible. Ask for help from friends or family members if needed, or consider hiring a postpartum doula.

Eat Nutritious Meals

Proper nutrition is essential for your energy levels and overall health. Make sure to eat a balanced diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, protein, and whole grains.

Stay Connected with Loved Ones

Having a support system is crucial during the newborn stage. Make sure to stay connected with friends and family members. Consider joining a new parent support group, or reaching out to a therapist if you’re struggling with your mental health.

Be Kind to Yourself

Remember that it’s normal to feel overwhelmed or anxious as a new parent. Give yourself permission to make mistakes and take things one day at a time. Celebrate small victories and don’t be too hard on yourself.

Tips for Dealing with Sleep Deprivation

Sleep deprivation is a common issue for new parents during the newborn stage. Here are some tips for coping:

  • Take naps when your baby is sleeping.
  • Ask for help from a partner, family member, or friend.
  • Try to establish a bedtime routine for your baby.
  • Practice good sleep hygiene, such as avoiding screens before bedtime and keeping your bedroom cool and dark.
  • Consider hiring a postpartum doula or night nanny to help with nighttime feedings and care.

Remember that sleep deprivation is temporary and that it’s important to take care of yourself. Don’t be afraid to ask for help or to take breaks when needed.

Common Concerns in the Newborn Stage

As new parents navigate the newborn stage, it is common to have concerns about your baby’s health and well-being. Here are some of the most common concerns parents have during this stage:

ConcernSymptomsWhat to Do
JaundiceYellowing of the skin and eyes, poor feeding, lethargyMonitor your baby’s feeding and diaper output closely, and talk to your pediatrician about treatment options if necessary.
RefluxFrequent spitting up, fussiness, arching of the backTry feeding your baby in an upright position and burping them frequently. Talk to your pediatrician about treatment options if symptoms persist.
ColicIntense crying for hours at a time, often in the eveningTry soothing techniques such as swaddling, white noise, and a pacifier. It may also be helpful to take breaks and ask for help from a partner, family member, or friend.

Remember that every baby is different, and it is always better to err on the side of caution and talk to your pediatrician if you have any concerns about your baby’s health or development. They can provide guidance and support as you navigate the newborn stage.

Returning to Work After the Newborn Stage

One of the biggest challenges many new parents face is the transition back to work after the newborn stage. Balancing the demands of a career with the needs of a baby can be overwhelming, but with careful planning, it is possible to make a smooth transition.

First, consider your childcare options. Research different daycare centers, nannies, or babysitters to find the right fit for your family. It’s important to choose a caregiver who shares your parenting style and values, and who you trust to care for your baby.

Once you’ve found the right caregiver, establish a routine with them and communicate your expectations clearly. This will help you feel more confident leaving your baby in someone else’s care.

Next, make a plan for pumping or breastfeeding at work, if that is applicable to you. Talk to your employer and colleagues about your needs and work together to find a solution that works for everyone.

It’s also important to take care of your mental and emotional health during this transition. Remember to take breaks throughout the day, practice self-care, and find a support system of other parents who are going through similar experiences.

Tips for Balancing Work and Parenting

Here are some additional tips to help you balance work and parenting:

  • Set boundaries: Create a schedule and stick to it as much as possible, to help you balance your time between work and home life.
  • Stay organized: Use tools like calendars, to-do lists, and reminders to stay on top of your responsibilities.
  • Prioritize self-care: Make time for activities that bring you joy and help you relax, such as exercise or spending time with friends.
  • Ask for help: Don’t be afraid to ask for help from your partner, family, or friends when you need it.

Returning to work after the newborn stage can be a challenging time, but with the right support and planning, you can make a smooth transition and continue to thrive both at work and at home.

FAQ: How Long is the Newborn Stage?

The newborn stage typically lasts for the first four to six weeks of a baby’s life. During this time, babies are adjusting to life outside the womb and going through rapid physical and cognitive development.

How can I track my baby’s development during the newborn stage?

It’s important to keep track of your baby’s development during the newborn stage by paying attention to milestones in physical, cognitive, and social development. Some common milestones during this stage include holding their head up, making eye contact, and responding to voices and noises. Your pediatrician will also track your baby’s development during regular check-ups.

How much should my newborn sleep during the newborn stage?

Newborns typically sleep for 16 to 17 hours per day, but this can vary from baby to baby. It’s important to let your baby sleep when they need to, as sleep is essential for their growth and development.

How often should I feed my newborn during the newborn stage?

Newborns typically need to feed every two to three hours, or as often as they indicate hunger. Breastfeeding or formula feeding can both be effective ways to nourish your baby during this stage. It’s important to talk to your pediatrician about any questions or concerns you may have about feeding your newborn.

Why do newborns cry so much?

Crying is a normal part of newborn development, as it is their way of communicating their needs. Newborns may cry when they are hungry, tired, or need a diaper change. It’s important to respond to your baby’s cries and address their needs promptly.

When should I be concerned about my newborn’s health during the newborn stage?

About The Author

Leave a Comment

Scroll to Top