Can Babies Get Concussions? Understand the Risks and Signs

can babies get concussions

As a parent, it’s normal to worry about your baby’s health and safety. But what happens when your little one experiences a head injury? Can babies get concussions, and if so, what are the signs to watch for?

While babies are less likely to experience concussions than older children and adults, it’s still possible for them to sustain a head injury that results in a concussion. Infants have delicate, developing brains that are more vulnerable to injury, making it crucial to understand the risks and signs associated with infant concussions.

Key Takeaways:

  • Yes, babies can get concussions
  • Infant brains are more vulnerable to injury
  • Recognizing the signs and seeking medical attention is crucial

Understanding Concussions in Babies

Concussions are a type of traumatic brain injury that can occur in babies. So, can babies get concussions? The answer is yes. Infants are particularly vulnerable to head injuries due to their developing brains and lack of neck strength, which makes them more susceptible to damage from even minor head trauma. Although a concussion may not appear serious, it is essential to seek medical attention to ensure that there isn’t any underlying brain damage or swelling.

A concussion can be caused by a direct blow to the head, a fall, accident, or abuse. The forceful impact can cause the baby’s brain to move rapidly back and forth inside the skull, resulting in chemical changes in the brain and sometimes damage to brain cells.

It is vital to understand that some babies may experience a concussion without any visible symptoms immediately after a head injury. However, the effects of the concussion may become noticeable days or weeks later. This is why it’s crucial to keep a close eye on your baby after a head injury and consult a doctor if you notice any unusual changes in their behavior or health, regardless of how insignificant the injury may seem.

Recognizing Signs of Concussion in Babies

Babies are at risk of concussions, which can cause brain injury and affect their health and development. It’s crucial to recognize the signs of concussion in babies to seek appropriate medical attention promptly. Here are some infant concussion symptoms to watch out for:

  • Physical symptoms: Your baby may have a headache, vomit repeatedly, or struggle to balance their head.
  • Behavioral changes: Your baby may be excessively irritable, lethargic, or cry more than usual.
  • Cognitive changes: Your baby may become disoriented or less alert than normal.

If you notice any of these infant concussion symptoms after your baby has experienced a head injury, you should seek medical attention immediately. In some cases, symptoms may not appear immediately, and it’s important to monitor your baby for any changes in behavior or condition for at least 24 hours after the head injury.

Remember, babies cannot communicate how they’re feeling, so it’s up to you to be vigilant and seek medical attention if anything seems out of the ordinary.

Risk Factors for Concussions in Babies

While head injuries can occur at any age, babies are particularly vulnerable to concussions due to their developing brains. There are several risk factors that can increase the likelihood of a baby experiencing a head injury:

Risk FactorsDescription
FallsBabies who are learning to crawl, walk, or climb may fall and hit their heads on hard surfaces.
Car AccidentsBabies who are not properly secured in car seats or are in a car accident can experience head trauma.
Abusive Head TraumaShaken baby syndrome or other forms of intentional head trauma can cause significant harm to a baby’s developing brain.

If you suspect that your baby has sustained a head injury, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. Prompt diagnosis and treatment can prevent further damage to the brain and improve outcomes for your child.

Seeking Medical Attention for Infant Head Trauma

If you suspect that your baby has sustained a head injury or concussion, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention. Even if the injury appears mild, it is always better to err on the side of caution when it comes to the health and safety of your child.

When you take your baby to a healthcare professional, they will conduct a thorough physical examination and medical history to assess the severity of the head injury. They may also order imaging tests, such as CT scans or MRIs, to examine the brain for any damage or bleeding.

If your baby is diagnosed with a concussion, the treatment plan will depend on the severity of the injury. In some cases, the doctor may simply recommend rest and close monitoring of symptoms at home. In more severe cases, hospitalization may be required for observation and specialized care.

It is important to follow the doctor’s instructions carefully and monitor your baby’s symptoms closely in the days and weeks following the injury. If you notice any new or worsening symptoms, such as persistent vomiting, seizures, or changes in consciousness, seek medical attention immediately.

Remember that prompt and appropriate medical attention is critical for preventing further damage to your baby’s brain and promoting a speedy recovery.

Diagnosing Concussions in Babies

As a parent, it is important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of concussions in babies. However, diagnosing a concussion in an infant requires expertise from a medical professional. If you suspect that your baby has experienced a head injury, seek medical attention immediately.

The medical evaluation for a possible concussion in a baby will consist of a physical exam and medical history. The doctor will ask about the details of the head injury, including when it occurred and how it happened. They may also ask about your baby’s behavior and any symptoms you have noticed.

The doctor may also order imaging tests, such as a CT scan or an MRI, to check for brain damage. These tests can provide a detailed view of the brain and detect any abnormalities or signs of injury.

A diagnosis of concussion in a baby may be harder to make than in an older child or adult due to their inability to communicate their symptoms. However, certain signs, such as changes in behavior, sleep patterns, or feeding, may be indicative of a head injury.

Remember that prompt medical attention is crucial in the case of a head injury in a baby. If you suspect that your baby may have a concussion, seek medical attention immediately to ensure that your baby receives the appropriate care.

Managing Concussions in Babies

Treating concussions in babies requires a careful approach that prioritizes rest and monitoring. Your baby’s healthcare provider may recommend that you keep your baby awake for a certain period after the injury to monitor their behavior and symptoms. They may also advise against certain activities or medications that may interfere with the recovery process.

During the recovery period, it’s important to avoid exposing your baby to activities that may risk reinjury or worsen symptoms. These activities may include contact sports, rough play, or activities requiring excessive physical and cognitive effort. Your healthcare provider may advise you on the duration of the recovery period and when it’s safe to gradually resume normal activities.

In some cases, your baby’s healthcare provider may recommend additional treatments to manage symptoms or promote recovery. These may include medications to manage pain or reduce inflammation, physical therapy to improve coordination and balance, or occupational therapy to address cognitive and behavioral changes.

It’s important to closely monitor your baby’s symptoms during the recovery period and seek medical attention if you observe any concerning changes. Prompt medical attention can help prevent further complications and ensure your baby receives the appropriate care to support their recovery.

Preventing Future Injuries

While brain injury in infants can be a serious concern, there are steps you can take to reduce the risk of future injuries. These may include:

  • Creating a safe environment by using safety gates, securing furniture and appliances, and keeping hazardous objects out of reach.
  • Using appropriate safety gear such as helmets and car seats that are properly installed and adjusted.
  • Promoting safe practices such as always using a seatbelt, avoiding distracted driving, and supervising your baby during playtime.

By taking preventive measures, you can help ensure your baby stays safe and healthy, reducing the risk of treating concussions in babies and other serious injuries.

Remember, as a parent or caregiver, you play a critical role in protecting your baby’s health and wellbeing. By being aware of the risks and signs of head injuries, seeking timely medical attention, and taking preventive measures, you can help ensure your baby grows and develops in a safe and healthy environment.

Long-Term Effects of Concussions in Babies

Concussions in babies can have potential long-term effects on their brain development and overall health. Although most babies recover from concussions without any lasting effects, some infants may experience lingering symptoms that can impact their cognitive and physical abilities.

Babies who experience repeated concussions or head injuries may be at risk for developing chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a degenerative brain disease commonly found in professional athletes and individuals with a history of head injuries. CTE can cause a range of symptoms, including memory loss, depression, and difficulty with movement and speech.

Parents should monitor their baby’s behavior and development after a concussion and seek medical attention if they notice any concerning changes. Comprehensive medical evaluation is essential to rule out any underlying brain damage and ensure appropriate follow-up care and therapy.

Preventing Concussions in Babies

As a parent or caregiver, you can take practical steps to reduce the risk of head injuries and concussions in babies. Here are some tips:

  • Use a car seat that is appropriate for the baby’s age and weight to prevent car accidents
  • Never shake a baby; shaken baby syndrome can cause serious brain damage
  • Make sure your baby’s environment is safe by removing potential hazards and securing furniture and appliances that could fall and cause head injuries
  • Use safety gates and don’t allow your baby to climb stairs unsupervised
  • Make sure your baby wears a properly-fitted helmet when cycling or participating in other activities that could result in falls
  • Supervise your baby at all times to prevent accidental falls from changing tables, high chairs and other surfaces

By taking these safety measures, you can help protect your baby from head injuries and concussions. Remember, prevention is key when it comes to protecting your little one’s developing brain.

Supporting Recovery and Development

Infant concussions can have serious consequences and impact a baby’s development. Recovery and development support is crucial for babies who have experienced a head injury. Here are some steps to help support your baby’s recovery and development:

  1. Rest: Ensure that your baby gets plenty of rest to aid in their recovery. Avoid activities that may worsen the symptoms of the concussion.
  2. Monitor Symptoms: Keep a close eye on your baby’s symptoms. If symptoms worsen or new symptoms arise, seek medical attention immediately.
  3. Physical Therapy: If recommended by your healthcare provider, engage in physical therapy to help your baby regain strength and movement.
  4. Occupational Therapy: If your baby is experiencing cognitive or motor impairments, occupational therapy can help your baby relearn basic tasks and develop new skills.
  5. Sensory Stimulation: Engage your baby in age-appropriate activities that stimulate their senses and promote healthy brain development. Examples include reading, singing, and playing with toys.
  6. Frequent Check-Ups: Schedule frequent check-ups with your healthcare provider to ensure that your baby is recovering well and meeting developmental milestones.
  7. Patience and Support: Be patient and supportive during your baby’s recovery process. Remember that every baby responds differently to treatment and recovery times may vary.

By following these steps, you can help support your baby’s recovery and development after a concussion. If you have any concerns or questions, do not hesitate to consult your healthcare provider.

When to Worry About Head Injuries in Babies

If your baby experiences a head injury, it’s important to monitor their behavior and physical symptoms closely. While most head injuries in babies are minor and resolve on their own, some can lead to more severe consequences if left untreated. If you notice any of the following signs, it’s time to seek medical attention:

  • Loss of consciousness or decreased responsiveness
  • Seizures or convulsions
  • Excessive crying or irritability
  • Vomiting or nausea
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Unequal pupils or changes in eye movement
  • Difficulty waking up or staying awake
  • Bleeding or clear fluid coming from the nose, ears, or mouth
  • Decreased muscle tone or weakness in the arms or legs
  • Changes in feeding habits or patterns

If your baby experiences a head injury accompanied by any of these symptoms, seek medical attention immediately. Remember, it’s always better to err on the side of caution when it comes to the health and well-being of your baby.

Resources for Parents

If you’re looking for more information about concussions in babies, resources and support are available. Here are some reputable organizations and websites:

  • Brain Injury Association of America: Provides information, resources, and support to individuals and families affected by brain injury. Visit their website at
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Offers guidance on preventing and managing traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children. Visit their website at
  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: Provides research-based information on neurological disorders, including TBI. Visit their website at
  • Safe Kids Worldwide: Offers tips and resources for preventing childhood injuries, including TBI. Visit their website at

If you or someone you love needs immediate assistance or support, call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255) or text “HOME” to 741741 to connect with a crisis counselor.


As a parent, it can be alarming to think about the possibility of your baby getting a concussion. However, it’s important to be aware of the signs and symptoms and take action if necessary.

Remember, babies can get concussions, and head injuries can be serious. If your baby falls or experiences any trauma to the head, be sure to monitor them closely for signs of a concussion. Seek medical attention right away if you notice any unusual symptoms.

Prevention is key when it comes to protecting your baby’s developing brain. Take steps to create a safe environment, use appropriate safety gear, and promote safe practices to reduce the risk of head injuries.

If you are concerned about your baby’s head injury, don’t hesitate to reach out to your healthcare provider. They can offer guidance on managing concussions in babies and support your child’s recovery and development.

By staying informed and taking action, you can help ensure your baby’s safety and well-being.


Q: Can babies get concussions?

A: Yes, babies can get concussions. Their developing brains are vulnerable to injury, and head trauma can result in a concussion.

Q: What are the signs of concussion in babies?

A: Signs of concussion in babies can include vomiting, irritability, changes in sleep patterns, loss of appetite, and difficulty focusing. It’s important to look out for any unusual behavior or symptoms after a head injury.

Q: How can concussions occur in infants?

A: Concussions in infants can occur due to falls, car accidents, abuse, or any impact to the head. Even minor head injuries can result in a concussion in a baby.

Q: What are the risk factors for concussions in babies?

A: Risk factors for concussions in babies include situations where the head is at risk of impact, such as falls, car accidents, or abusive head trauma.

Q: When should I seek medical attention for infant head trauma?

A: It’s important to seek medical attention for infant head trauma if there are any signs of vomiting, loss of consciousness, seizures, or changes in behavior. Consult a healthcare professional to ensure proper diagnosis and treatment.

Q: How are concussions diagnosed in babies?

A: Diagnosing concussions in babies involves a physical examination, evaluating the medical history, and potentially conducting imaging tests to assess the severity of the head injury.

Q: What is the recommended management for concussions in babies?

A: Managing concussions in babies involves rest, monitoring symptoms, and avoiding activities that may worsen the injury. It’s important to follow the guidance of a healthcare professional.

Q: What are the potential long-term effects of concussions in babies?

A: Concussions in babies can have potential long-term effects, including brain damage, developmental delays, and cognitive impairments. It’s essential to monitor their development and seek appropriate support and interventions if needed.

Q: How can concussions in babies be prevented?

A: Preventing concussions in babies involves creating a safe environment, using appropriate safety gear, and promoting safe practices to protect infants from head injuries.

Q: How can I support the recovery and development of a baby who has experienced a concussion?

A: Supporting the recovery and development of a baby who has experienced a concussion involves promoting healthy brain development and offering appropriate therapies and interventions. Consult with healthcare professionals for personalized guidance.

Q: When should I worry about head injuries in babies?

A: It’s important to worry about head injuries in babies if there are severe symptoms such as loss of consciousness, seizures, or significant changes in behavior. Seek medical attention for a thorough evaluation.

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